Damascus is a major cultural center of the Levant and the Arab world. The city had an estimated population of 2, as of . In south-western Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 2. The Barada River flows through Damascus. First settled in the second millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from to After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty , the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods.
Aram-Damascus came out victorious, temporarily preventing the Assyrians from encroaching into Syria. However, after Hadadzezer was killed by his successor, Hazael, the Levantine alliance collapsed.
Aram-Damascus attempted to invade Israel, but was interrupted by the renewed Assyrian invasion. Hazael ordered a retreat to the walled part of Damascus while the Assyrians plundered the remainder of the kingdom. Unable to enter the city, they declared their supremacy in the Hauran and Beqa'a valleys. Nonetheless, it remained the economic and cultural center of the Near East as well as the Arameaen resistance.
Ina revolt took place in the city, but was put down by Assyrian forces. After Assyria led by Tiglath-Pileser III went on a wide-scale campaign of quelling revolts throughout Syria, Damascus became totally subjugated by their rule. A positive effect of this was stability for the city and benefits from the spice and incense trade with Arabia.
Damascus was conquered by Alexander the Great. After the death of Alexander in BC, Damascus became the site of a struggle between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires. The control of the city passed frequently from one empire to the other.
Seleucus I Nicatorone of Alexander's generals, made Antioch the capital of his vast empire, which led to the decline of Damascus' importance compared with new Seleucid cities such as Latakia in the north. The Romans occupied Damascus and subsequently incorporated it into the league of ten cities known as the Decapolis  which themselves were incorporated into the province of Syria and granted autonomy. The city of Damascus was entirely redesigned by the Romans after Pompey conquered the region.
Still today the Old Town of Damascus retains the rectangular shape of the Roman city, with its two main axes: the Decumanus Maximus east-west; known today as the Via Recta and the Cardo north-souththe Decumanus being about twice as long. The Romans built a monumental gate which still survives at the eastern end of Decumanus Maximus.
The gate originally had three ars: the central arch was for chariots while the side ars were for pedestrians. In 23 BC Herod the Great was given lands controlled by Zenodorus by Caesar Augustus  and some scholars believe that Herod was also granted control of Damascus as well. Damascus became a metropolis by the beginning of the 2nd century and in it was upgraded to a colonia by the Emperor Septimius Severus.
Damascus's importance as a caravan city was evident with the trade routes from southern ArabiaPalmyraPetraand the silk routes from China all converging on it. The city satisfied the Roman demands for eastern luxuries. Little remains of the architecture of the Romans, but the town planning of the old city did have a lasting effect. The city wall contained seven gates, but only the eastern gate, Bab Sharqiremains from the Roman period.
Roman Damascus lies mostly at depths of up to five meters Accordingly, there was a community of Jewish Christians who converted to Christianity with the advent of Saint Paul's proselytisation. Muhammad's first indirect interaction with the people of Damascus was when he sent Shiya bin Wahab to Haris bin Ghasannithe king of Damascus.
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In his letter, Muhammad stated: "Peace be upon him who follows true guidance. Be informed that my religion shall prevail everywhere. You should accept Islam, and whatever under your command shall remain yours. His army had previously attempted to capture the city in Aprilbut without success.
Under Emperor Heracliusthe Byzantines fielded an army superior to that of the Rashidun in manpower. They advanced into southern Syria during the spring of and consequently Khalid ibn al-Walid's forces withdrew from Damascus to prepare for renewed confrontation.
While the Muslims administered the city, the population of Damascus remained mostly Christian- Eastern Orthodox and Monophysite -with a growing community of Muslims from MeccaMedinaand the Syrian Desert. After the death of Caliph Ali inMu'awiya was chosen as the caliph of the expanding Islamic empire.
Because of the vast amounts of assets his clan, the Umayyadsowned in the city and because of its traditional economic and social links with the Hijaz as well as the Christian Arab tribes of the region, Mu'awiya established Damascus as the capital of the entire Caliphate. Arabic was also established as the official language, giving the Muslim minority of the city an advantage over the Aramaic-speaking Christians in administrative affairs.
Damascus itself was predominantly Aramaic with Arab speaking people. The site originally had been the Christian Cathedral of St. John and the Muslims maintained the building's dedication to John the Baptist.
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Al-Walid died that same year and he was succeeded at first by Suleiman ibn Abd al-Malik and then by Umar IIwho each ruled for brief periods before the reign of Hisham in With these successions, the status of Damascus was gradually weakening as Suleiman had chosen Ramla as his residence and later Hisham chose Resafa. Following the murder of the latter inthe Caliphate of the Umayyads-which by then stretd from Spain to India- was crumbling as a result of widespread revolts.
During the reign of Marwan II inthe capital of the empire was relocated to Harran in the northern Jazira region. On 25 Augustthe Abbasidshaving already beaten the Umayyads in the Battle of the Zab in Iraq, conquered Damascus after facing little resistance. With the heralding of the Abbasid Caliphate, Damascus became eclipsed and subordinated by Baghda the new Islamic capital.
Within the first six months of Abbasid rule, revolts began erupting in the city, albeit too isolated and unfocused to present a viable threat. Nonetheless, the last of the prominent Umayyads were executed, the traditional officials of Damascus ostracised, and army generals from the city were dismissed. Afterwards, the Umayyad family cemetery was desecrated and the city walls were torn down, reducing Damascus into a provincial town of little importance.
It roughly disappeared from written records for the next century and the only significant improvement of the city was the Abbasid-built treasury dome in the Umayyad Mosque in Indistant remnants of the Umayyad dynasty staged a strong uprising in Damascus that was eventually put down.
Ahmad ibn Tuluna dissenting Turkish governor appointed by the Abbasids, conquered Syria, including Damascus, from his overlords in - In an act of respect for the previous Umayyad rulers, he erected a shrine on the site of Mu'awiya's grave in the city. Tulunid rule of Damascus was brief, lasting only until before being replaced by the Qarmatians who were adherents of Shia Islam. Due to their inability to control the vast amount of land they occupied, the Qarmatians withdrew from Damascus and a new dynasty, the Ikhshididstook control of the city.
They maintained the independence of Damascus from the Arab Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo and the Baghdad -based Abbasids until A period of instability in the city followed, with a Qarmatian raid ina Byzantine raid inand increasing pressures from the Fatimids in the south and the Hamdanids in the north.
The Shia Fatimids gained control ininflaming hostilities between them and the Sunni Arabs of the city who frequently revolted. A Turk, Alptakin drove out the Fatimids five years later, and through diplomacy, prevented the Byzantines from attempting to annex the city. However, bythe Fatimids under Caliph al-Azizwrested back control of the city and tamed Sunni dissidents.
The Arab geographer, al-Muqaddasivisited Damascus inremarking that the architecture and infrastructure of the city was "magnificent", but living conditions were awful. Under al-Aziz, the city saw a brief period of stability that ended with the reign of al-Hakim - Inhundreds of Damascus' citizens were rounded up and executed by him for incitement.
Three years after al-Hakim's mysterious disappearance, the Arab tribes of southern Syria formed an alliance to stage a massive rebellion against the Fatimids, but they were crushed by the Fatimid Turkish governor of Syria and Palestine, Anushtakin al-Duzbariin This victory gave the latter mastery over Syria, displeasing his Fatimid overlords, but gaining the admiration of Damascus' citizens.
He was exiled by Fatimid authorities to Aleppo where he died in By then, Damascus lacked a city administration, had an enfeebled economy, and a greatly reduced population. With the arrival of the Seljuq Turks in the late 11th century, Damascus again became the capital of independent states.
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The Seljuqs established a court in Damascus and a systematic reversal of Shia inroads in the city. The city also saw an expansion of religious life through private endowments financing religious institutions madrasas and hospitals maristans. Damascus soon became one of the most important centers of propagating Islamic thought in the Muslim world. After Duqaq's death inhis mentor atabegToghtekintook control of Damascus and the Burid line of the Seljuq dynasty. Under Duqaq and Toghtekin, Damascus experienced stability, elevated status and a revived role in commerce.
In addition, the city's Sunni majority enjoyed being a part of the larger Sunni framework effectively governed by various Turkic dynasties who in turn were under the moral authority of the Baghdad-based Abbasids.
While the rulers of Damascus were preoccupied in conflict with their fellow Seljuqs in Aleppo and Diyarbakirthe Crusaders, who arrived in the Levant inconquered JerusalemMount Lebanon and Palestine. Duqaq seemed to have been content with Crusader rule as a buffer between his dominion and the Fatimid Caliphate of Egypt. Toghtekin, however, saw the Western invaders as a viable threat to Damascus which, at the time, nominally included Homsthe Beqaa Valley, Hauran, and the Golan Heights as part of its territories.
Mawdud was assassinated in the Umayyad Mosque indepriving Damascus of northern Muslim backing and forcing Toghtekin to agree to a truce with the Crusaders in Following Toghtekin's death inhis son, Taj al-Muluk Buribecame the nominal ruler of Damascus.
Coincidentally, the Seljuq prince of MosulImad al-Din Zengitook power in Aleppo and gained a mandate from the Abbasids to extend his authority to Damascus. Inaround 6, Isma'ili Muslims were killed in the city along with their leaders. The Sunnis were provoked by rumors alleging there was a plot by the Isma'ilis, who controlled the strategic fort at Baniasto aid the Crusaders in capturing Damascus in return for control of Tyre.
Soon after the massacre, the Crusaders aimed to take advantage of the unstable situation and launch an assault against Damascus with nearly 2, knights and 10, infantry.
However, Buri allied with Zengi and managed to prevent their army from reaching the city.
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Meanwhile, Zengi, intent on putting Damascus under his control, married Safwat al-Mulk in Mahmud's reign then ended in after he was killed for relatively unknown reasons by members of his family.
Mu'in al-Din Unurhis mamluk "slave soldier" took effective power of the city, prompting Zengi-with Safwat al-Mulk's backing-to lay siege against Damascus the same year. Consequently, Zengi withdrew his army and focused on campaigns against northern Syria.
InZengi conquered Edessaa crusader stronghold, which led to a new crusade from Europe in In the meantime Zengi was assassinated and his territory was divided among his sons, one of whom, Nur ad-Dinemir of Aleppo, made an alliance with Damascus. When the European crusaders arrived, they and the nobles of Jerusalem agreed to attack Damascus.
Their siegehowever, was a complete failure. When the city seemed to be on the verge of collapse, the crusader army suddenly moved against another section of the walls, and were driven back. ByDamascus was firmly under Nur ad-Din's control.
When Shirkuh died inhe was succeeded by his nephew Yusuf, better known as Saladinwho defeated a joint crusader-Byzantine siege of Damietta. He also began to assert his independence from Nur ad-Din, and with the death of both Amalric and Nur ad-Din inhe was well-placed to begin exerting control over Damascus and Nur ad-Din's other Syrian possessions. He finally laund a full invasion of Jerusalem inand annihilated the crusader army at the Battle of Hattin in July.
Acre fell to Saladin soon after, and Jerusalem itself was captured in October. The surviving crusaders, joined by new arrivals from Europe, put Acre to a lengthy siege which lasted until After re-capturing Acre, Richard defeated Saladin at the Battle of Arsuf in and the Battle of Jaffa inrecovering most of the coast for the Christians, but could not recover Jerusalem or any of the inland territory of the kingdom.
The crusade came to an end peacefully, with the Treaty of Jaffa in Saladin allowed pilgrimages to be made to Jerusalem, allowing the crusaders to fulfil their vows, after which they all returned home. Local crusader barons set about rebuilding their kingdom from Acre and the other coastal cities.
Saladin died inand there were frequent conflicts between different Ayyubid sultans ruling in Damascus and Cairo. Damascus was the capital of independent Ayyubid rulers between an from tofrom toand from to At other times it was ruled by the Ayyubid rulers of Egypt.
The patterned Byzantine and Chinese silks available through Damascus, one of the Western termini of the Silk Roa gave the English language "damask". Ayyubid rule and independence came to an end with the Mongol invasion of Syria inin which the Mongols led by Kitbuqa entered the city on 1 Marchalong with the King of Armenia, Hethum Iand the Prince of Antioch, Bohemond VI ; hence, the citizens of Damascus saw for the first time for six centuries three Christian potentates ride in triumph through their streets.
Later on, the Black Death of - killed as much as half of the city's population. InTimurthe Turco-Mongol conqueror, besieged Damascus.
The Mamluk sultan dispatd a deputation from Cairo, including Ibn Khaldunwho negotiated with him, but after their withdrawal Timur sacked the city on 17 March A huge number of the city's artisans were taken to Timur's capital at Samarkand. These were the luckier citizens: many were slaughtered and their heads piled up in a field outside the north-east corner of the walls, where a city square still bears the name Burj al-Ru'us between modern-day Al-Qassaa and Bab Tumaoriginally "the tower of heads".
In earlythe Ottoman Turkswary of the danger of an alliance between the Mamluks and the Persian Safavidsstarted a campaign of conquest against the Mamluk sultanate. On 21 September, the Mamluk governor of Damascus fled the city, and on 2 October the khutba in the Umayyad mosque was pronounced in the name of Selim I. The day after, the victorious sultan entered the city, staying for three months.
Little appeared to have changed in the city: one army had simply replaced another. However, on his return in Octoberthe sultan ordered the construction of a mosque, tekkiye and mausoleum at the shrine of Shaikh Muhi al-Din ibn Arabi in al-Salihiyah.
This was to be the first of Damascus' great Ottoman monuments.
During this time, according to an Ottoman census, Damascus had 10, households. The Ottomans remained for the next years, except for a brief occupation by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt from to Because of its importance as the point of departure for one of the two great Hajj caravans to MeccaDamascus was treated with more attention by the Porte than its size might have warranted-for most of this period, Aleppo was more populous and commercially more important.
In the Tekkiye al-Sulaimaniyaha mosque and khan for pilgrims on the road to Mecca, was completed to a design by the famous Ottoman architect Mimar Sinanand soon afterwards a madrasa was built adjoining it. Under Ottoman ruleChristians and Jews were considered dhimmis and were allowed to practice their religious precepts.
During the Damascus affair of the false accusation of ritual murder was brought against members of the Jewish community of Damascus. The massacre of Christians in was also one of the most notorious incidents of these centuries, when fighting between Druze and Maronites in Mount Lebanon spilled over into the city. Several thousand Christians were killed in Junewith many more being saved through the intervention of the Algerian exile Abd al-Qadir and his soldiers three days after the massacre starte who brought them to safety in Abd al-Qadir's residence and the Citadel of Damascus.
The Christian quarter of the old city mostly inhabited by Catholicsincluding a number of churs, was burnt down. The Christian inhabitants of the notoriously poor and refractory Midan district outside the walls mostly Orthodox were, however, protected by their Muslim neighbors. American Missionary E. Miller records that in the population of the city was 'about'of whom 30, were Christians, 10, Jews an 'Mohammedans' with fewer than Protestant Christians.
In the early years of the 20th century, nationalist sentiment in Damascus, initially cultural in its interest, began to take a political coloring, largely in reaction to the turkicisation program of the Committee of Union and Progress government established in Istanbul in The hanging of a number of patriotic intellectuals by Jamal Pashagovernor of Damascus, in Beirut and Damascus in and further stoked nationalist feeling, and inas the forces of the Arab Revolt and the British Imperial forces approad, residents fired on the retreating Turkish troops.
On 1 OctoberT. Political tension rose in Novemberwhen the new Bolshevik government in Russia revealed the Sykes-Picot Agreement whereby Britain and France had arranged to partition the Arab east between them. A new Franco-British proclamation on 17 November promised the "complete and definitive freeing of the peoples so long oppressed by the Turks.
However, the Versailles Conference had granted France a mandate over Syria, and in a French army commanded by the General Mariano Goybet crossed the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, defeated a small Syrian defensive expedition at the Battle of Maysalun and entered Damascus. When in the Great Syrian Revolt in the Hauran spread to Damascus, the French suppressed with heavy weaponry, bombing and shelling the city on 9 May As a result, the area of the old city between Al-Hamidiyah Souq and Medhat Pasha Souq was burned to the ground, with many deaths, and has since then been known as al-Hariqa "the fire".
The old city was surrounded with barbed wire to prevent rebels infiltrating from the Ghoutaand a new road was built outside the northern ramparts to facilitate the movement of armored cars. The French agreed to withdraw inthus leading to the full independence of Syria.
Damascus remained the capital. By Januaryclashes between the regular army and rebels read the outskirts of Damascus, reportedly preventing people from leaving or reaching their houses, especially when security operations there intensified from the end of January into February.
By Junebullets and shrapnel shells smashed into homes in Damascus overnight as troops battled the Free Syrian Army in the streets. At least three tank shells slammed into residential areas in the central Damascus neighborhood of Qaboun, according to activists. Intense exchanges of assault-rifle fire marked the clash, according to residents and amateur video posted online. The Damascus suburb of Ghouta suffered heavy bombing in December and a further wave of bombing started in Februaryalso known as Rif Dimashq Offensive.
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On 20 MayDamascus and the entire Rif Dimashq Governorate came fully under government control for the first time in 7 years after the evacuation of IS from Yarmouk Camp. The historical role that Damascus played as an important trade center has changed in recent years due to political development in the region as well as the development of modern trade. The tourism industry in Damascus has a lot of potential, however the civil war has hampered these prospects.
The abundance of cultural wealth in Damascus has been modestly employed since the late s with the development of many accommodation and transportation establishments and other related investments. Damascus is home to a wide range of industrial activity, such as textile, food processingcement and various mical industries. The Damascus stock exchange formally opened for trade in Marchand the exchange is the only stock exchange in Syria. Its final home is to be the upmarket business district of Yaafur.
The estimated population of Damascus in was 1, The city's growth rate is higher than Syria as a whole, primarily due to rural-urban migration and the influx of young Syrian migrants drawn by employment and educational opportunities. The vast majority of Damascenes are Syrian Arabs. The Kurds are the largest ethnic minority, with a population of approximatelyAmong the city's minorities is a small Palestinian community.
Islam is the dominant religion. Alawites live primarily in the Mezzeh districts of Mezzeh 86 and Sumariyah. It is believed that there are more than mosques in Damascus, the most well-known being the Umayyad Mosque. At the suburb of Soufanieh a series of apparitions of the Virgin Mary have reportedly been observed between and This church is independent of the Middle Eastern-based Syriac Orthodox Church in Damascus and has its own leadership and structure in India, although both practice the same or similar denomination of Christianity.
There was a small Jewish community namely in what is called Haret al-Yahud the Jewish quarter. They are the remnants of an ancient and much larger Jewish presence in Syriadating back at least to Roman times, if not before to the time of King David. The Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque.
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Sufism throughout the second half of the 20th century has been an influential current in the Sunni religious practises, particularly in Damascus. The largest women-only and girls-only Muslim movement in the world happens to be Sufi-oriented and is based in Damascus, led by Munira al-Qubaysi.
Syrian Sufism has its stronghold in urban regions such as Damascus, where it also established political movements such as Zayd, with the help of a series of mosquesand clergy such as Abd al-Ghani al-NabulsiSa'id HawwaAbd al-Rahman al-Shaghouri and Muhammad al-Yaqoubi. Damascus has a wealth of historical sites dating back to many different periods of the city's history.
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Since the city has been built up with every passing occupation, it has become almost impossible to excavate all the ruins of Damascus that lie up to 2. The Damascus Straight Street referred to in the account of the conversion of St.
Damascus / d ? ? m ? s k ? s / is de facto a census-designated place and on-again, off-again city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United aestheticsandlasercenter.comished in , it was first incorporated in in an effort to enable local land use decision making control by the community.
At the end of the Bab Sharqi street, one reas the House of Ananiasan underground chapel that was the cellar of Ananias 's house. The Umayyad Mosquealso known as the Grand Mosque of Damascus, is one of the largest mosques in the world and also one of the oldest sites of continuous prayer since the rise of Islam.
A shrine in the mosque is said to contain the body of St.
John the Baptist. The mausoleum where Saladin was buried is located in the gardens just outside the mosque. Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosquethe shrine of the youngest daughter of Husayn ibn Alican also be found near the Umayyad Mosque. The ancient district of Amara is also within a walking distance from these sites. Another heavily visited site is Sayyidah Zaynab Mosquewhere the tomb of Zaynab bint Ali is located.
All other remaining members of Imam Husain's family left alive after Karbala along with heads of all other companions, who were killed at Karbala, were also brought to Damascus. The Harat Al Yehud or Jewish Quarter is a recently restored historical tourist destination popular among Europeans before the outbreak of civil war. The Old City of Damascus with an approximate area of There are seven extant city gates, the oldest of which dates back to the Roman period.
These are, clockwise from the north of the citadel:. Other areas outside the walled city also bear the name "gate": Bab al-FarajBab Mousalla and Bab Sreijaboth to the south-west of the walled city.
Due to the rapid decline of the population of Old Damascus between and about 30, people moved out of the old city for more modern accommodationa growing number of buildings are being abandoned or are falling into disrepair. In OctoberGlobal Heritage Fund named Damascus one of 12 cultural heritage sites most "on the verge" of irreparable loss and destruction. Damascus is the main center of education in Syria. It is home to Damascus Universitywhich is the oldest and largest university in Syria.
After the enactment of legislation allowing private higher institutions, several new universities were established in the city and in the surrounding area, including:.
Before the beginning of the Syrian civil war, the Airport had connectivity to many Asian, European, African, and, South American cities. Streets in Damascus are often narrow, especially in the older parts of the city, and speed bumps are widely used to limit the speed of vehicles.
Public transport in Damascus depends extensively on minibuses. There are about one hundred lines that operate inside the city and some of them extend from the city center to nearby suburbs.
There is no sdule for the lines, and due to the limited number of official bus stops, buses will usually stop wherever a passenger needs to get on or off. The number of buses serving the same line is relatively high, which minimizes the waiting time. Lines are not numbered, rather they are given captions mostly indicating the two end points and possibly an important station along the line.
The station is now defunct and the tracks have been removed, but there still is a ticket counter and a shuttle to Damacus Kadam station in the south of the city, which now functions as the main railway station.
Inthe government announced a plan to construct a Damascus Metro with opening time for the green line sduled for A four-line metro network is expected be in operation by Damascus was chosen as the Arab Capital of Culture.
Popular sports include footballbasketballswimming, tennis, table tennis, equestrian and ss. The fifth and the seventh Pan Arab Games were held in Damascus in and respectively. The city also has a modern golf course located near the Ebla Cham Palace Hotel at the southeastern outskirts of Damascus. Damascus has quite busy midnights.
Coffeehouses, where-in addition to Arabic coffee such like 'Albal and tea- nargileh water pipes are served, proliferate Damascus. Current movies can be seen at Cinema City which was previously known as Cinema Dimashq. Tishreen Park is one of the largest parks in Damascus.
It is home to the annual Damascus Flower Show. Other parks include: al-Jahiz, al-Sibbki, al-Tijara, al-Wahda, etc. The city's famous Ghouta oasis is also a weekend-destination for recreation. Many recreation centers operate in the city including sport clubs, swimming pools and golf courses. The Syrian Arab Horse Association in Damascus offers a wide range of activities and services for horse breeders and riders. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Dimashq.
Capital of Syria. For other uses, see Damascus disambiguation. According to Oregon Geographic NamesDamascus can date its existence as a community back towhen a post office by that name was established.
That post office was closed in The original heart of the community is along Oregon Routewhich as of served as part of the city's southern boundary. A decision by Metro to expand Portland's urban growth boundary into the area prompted some citizens of the community to submit Measurea measure on the ballot for the general election in November. The initiative's passage resulted in the incorporation of the former unincorporated communities of Damascus and Carver into the City of Damascus, a step which prevents nearby cities from annexing the community.
During a primary election in voters chose to disincorporate, shutting the City down and transferring assets to Clackamas County. The disincorporation vote was later nullified by a Appeal Court decision on May 1.
The court held that the voter turnout did not reach the State's fifty percent threshold and therefore should have been invalidated back in As a result, the City of Damascus was deemed disincorporated in July, and no longer exists as a municipal corporation. Boring lies to the east, and Clackamas to the west.
According to the United States Census Bureauthe city had a total area of As of the census  ofthere were 10, people, 3, households, and 2, families residing in the city. The population density was There were 3, housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the city was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4. There were 3, households, of which The average household size was 2. The median age in the city was The gender makeup of the city was The latter is the second-largest employer in the community.
As a city, Damascus went through seven city managers in eight years, and generally had a contentious existence as a municipality. This time, the proposal was approved,  and the city ostensibly ceased to exist on July 18, What was once the City of Damascus is now unincorporated territory in Clackamas County.
Damascus, Oregon. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24,